Czech Election Update: Statistical Roundup
A few thoughts continuing from yesterday:
First, in a post-election debate (the first I’ve ever seen and kudos to CTV for arranging it (it helps that polls close at 2 in the afternoon), the moderator asked various parties for their opinions about many things including coalition partners. Here’s a list of the relevant answers:
- Usvit: Nobody. Will support anybody who supports a referendum law but will not go into government
- ANO: No coalition but might consider ‘toleration’. (But not of KSCM-CSSD, and unlikely for ODS-TOP09. Would prefer to go law-by-law)
- TOP09: CSSD but they don’t want us. Will probably go into opposition.
- ODS: Would go with TOP09 and KDU-CSL but there are not enough votes. Party will go into opposition
- CSSD: Anybody except ODS and TOP09. Would not be in minority government depending on Communist support.
- KDU-CSL: Not with KSCM. CSSD would be ok, or CSSD-ANO or Center-Right coalition.
- KSCM: Happy to support or join government with CSSD.
This is like a hard SAT logic question and I need to draw it out, but if these statements are predictive (they may mean them now but leaders often change their minds on this kind of thing), then I think there is no actual answer for a majority government. The best would be a minority government of CSSD-KDUCSL tolerated by ANO, though I suppose there is the mathematical possibility of a center-right government supported by ANO and Usvit.
A few numbers worth presenting (graphs to follow). The first relates to various measures for determining the size of the Czech political party system. By Czech standards this is a huge political party system. And it is very evenly distributed (no single pole). In fact the gap between the largest and smallest parties in parliament is a remarkably low 13.5%.
The second set relates to volatility–change in this election compared to the previous one. Again, change this time is huge: 39%. As huge as last time. And it is evenly distributed between losses/gains among existing parties and entrants/exits of existing parties (about 19% each).
Finally a table on the use of the preference vote. The last election in the Czech Republic saw an enormous increase in the use of votes for individual legislators (40 of 200 deputies elected on that basis if memory serves, an increase from 6 in the previous period). This time it is not quite as high but it is still very big: 27 out of 200. It is the parties with larger and more robust organizations that saw the biggest changes: ODS (also suffering from member rebellion), KDU-CSL and KSCM (not suffering from member rebellion) and CSSD (whose voters don’t seem especially pleased with some of its elite). Below these were the new and organizationally weak parties: ANO (one of whose members was elevated beause he shared the name of the party founder), and TOP09, and Usvit (with exactly zero)
|Party||Preference vote winners||%|
Source: Czech Statistical Office